Links to fragments of a page
A special type of link, which contains a
# symbol, can link to part of a page. For example, if you click this link, it will scroll down to the “History” part of a Cake page on Wikipedia:
There are two parts to this link:
- The first part – what appears before the
#– is the page we linked to.
- The second part – after the
#symbol – is a fragment identifier, and it tells the browser to scroll down to the
Historypart of the page.
Understanding this is key to understanding certain kinds of broken links that can be reported by Silktide.
How Silktide considers links to fragments broken
Say you link to a page fragment like the above, but you make a mistake in the fragment identifier (the second part of the link), by spelling “History” with an extra “y”:
If you click this link, it will take you to the Wikipedia page on Cake, but it won’t scroll down to the History part of the page, because that part of the link is wrong.
Silktide considers links like this to be broken, albeit less severely than if the link failed to take the user to a page at all.
Understanding links you may not think are broken
Sometimes a website will contain links to fragments that make no sense to you – for example, they might have a fragment identifier like !, e.g.
It is discouraged because their links are still seen in many places, where they will be broken:
- Search engines
- Users with accessibility aids, e.g. screen readers
- Users who open links in new tabs (e.g. Ctrl + click on a link)
In practice, while such links are discouraged, most users would not consider them broken, and you may wish to ignore these particular links manually.